Goat Breeding Tips for Livestock Farmers (Urdu)
In order to get maximum meat and milk Beetal, Daira Deen Panah, Nachi, and Teddy Breeds. For comfortable housing sheds for goats should be on elevated grounds, south-north directions. The ceiling of shed should be 8-10 foot. Teddy goats need 10 square feet of shaded place, While bigger breeds need 12 square feet. Goats need 20 -24 square feet of open space per head if available.
Each goat needed to be marked properly for record keeping. For 100 goats one needs twelve, 5 feet long movable trough (khurli) for feed. Similarly for water purpose 15 feet long, 1 feet wide and 9 inch trough would be sufficient. For new farm, purchase 3,4 month pregnant doe’s New animals should be Quarantine for 10 days. Breeding should be done during 15 March to 15 April in summer and 15 September to 15 October in order to get kids in good weather.
For thirty (30) female goats 1 male goat (buck) is sufficient. However 1,2 bucks should be keep for safety purpose. In Pakistan bucks with good genetics characters can be purchased from Livestock Development Department’s outlets. Give 400 gram balanced diet (Mutwazin Wanda) and 8 kg of green fodder to pregnant does. In the last weeks of pregnancy isolate does from the herd.
Goats should have access to clean, fresh water all the time. Natural salt should be available in feeding trough. Regularly move the places of feeding troughs. Newly born kids should be given milk of the mother within 1 hour. And must be prevent from outside weather. Prevent goats from diseases by vaccination as per veterinary doctors advice. Deworm the herd regularly. For more information please regularly your vet.