permanent administrative arm of government and comprises permanent and pensionable officials employed in civil capacity working in government ministries, departments, and agencies. Public service also includes the military, police, teachers, health workers, local government workers, and public enterprises.

Civil service advises on, develops, and implements government policies and programs and manages day-to-day activities.

A well-functioning society depends on a strong civil service for four crucial elements:

Governance: A skilled, motivated, and efficient civil service with a professional work ethic is necessary to achieve good governance.

Public goods and services: Access to quality public services depends on the skills and motivation of the public employees who provide the services and oversee their delivery.

Institutional development: The value of public organizations and their interface with the regulatory framework depends wholly on the people in those organizations.

Fiscal sustainabilityFostering among public servants the values of service, responsiveness, transparency, fiscal accountability, and the centrality of the citizen.

FINCON here aims to create a qualified, responsive, and professional civil service that can adapt to a changing socio-economic environment with creative and innovative solutions for global and national challenges.

Civil service reforms need to be an integral part of social sector reform processes if sustainable solutions to currently existing issues within the ambit social sector service delivery are envisaged.

In Pakistan, the Civil Service reform process was started by the government that took power in October 1999 and has been going on under the overall supervision of the Cabinet Committee on Civil Service Reforms.

The Government of Pakistan desires to create a more efficient civil service through holistic reforms that restore merit-based recruitment and promotions, enhance career development through adequate training and meaningful experience, and improve the skill-mix. This would be encouraged by a more transparent compensation (and pension) system with closer links to comparative wages.